The Good Samaritan
From the Gospel of Luke in the Holy Bible.
When asked what it meant to be a good neighbour, Jesus replied by telling the following parable (recorded in Luke 10:30–36):
“A certain (likely Jewish) man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell amongst robbers, who both stripped him and beat him, and departed, leaving him half dead. By chance a certain priest was going down that way. When he saw him, he passed by on the other side. In the same way a Levite also, when he came to the place, and saw him, passed by on the other side.
But a certain Samaritan, as he travelled, came where he was. When he saw him, he was moved with compassion, came to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. He set him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of him. On the next day, when he departed, he took out two denarii, gave them to the host, and said to him, ‘Take care of him. Whatever you spend beyond that, I will repay you when I return.’ Now which of these three do you think seemed to be a neighbour to him who fell amongst the robbers?”
It is important to note that Jesus and his primary audience were Jews, and so was the injured man in the parable likely to have been. This was remarkable as Jews and Samaritans were historically very bitter rivals.
Jesus had taught his small and growing community of followers that the path to heaven laid, among other virtues, in loving one's neighbours. Remarkably, his choice of an example of good neighbourly conduct centered around a Samaritan—a member of a rival ethnic group. This highlighted Jesus' teaching of compassion and how it discriminated not between those of different and diverse backgrounds.
With open arms, Jesus Christ extended loving-kindness to all. These 2,000-year-old teachings of Christ—teachings on compassion—still resonate profoundly today and are very relevant in the modern world.
Although racial differences have already been scientifically and incontrovertibly proven to be merely superficial, the shallow fallacies that begot Nazism and the horrors of WWII and the Holocaust in the 20th century remain alluring to far too many in the 21st century across Europe, Asia and the Americas.
Just as during the Holocaust, evil doesn't require your direct involvement to happen. A turning of the blind eye can be just as—if not more—harmful to the helpless and to those in desperate need of your protection.
Never judge a book by its cover. That's the only justice when facing racial, ethnic and cultural differences. As the Stoic emperor Marcus Aurelius noted, we are all citizens of one notional city and have civic duties to safeguard and respect each of our fellow world citizens.
In the eyes of our divine Creator, we are all His children and therefore brothers and sisters.
To those who understand evolution, the conclusion is no different.